Emphasis on: cognitive and social development
Teacher: has unobtrusive role in classroom
Discipline: environment and method encourage self-discipline and encouraging the “whole child”.
Method: mainly individual instruction, mixed age grouping, grouping encourages children to teach and help each other.
Child’s freedom : chooses work, discovers own ideas from self teaching tasks, works as long as they wish on a chosen project, sets own learning pace, spots own errors from Montessori material, reinforces own learning by repetition of work and internal feelings of success, encouraging child to learn respect of self, environment and their friends around them.
The classroom: multi-sensory materials for physical exploration, child size furniture so a child can have easy access to tasks without asking, child can work where they choose, move around at will without disrupting work of others.